Glossary

Achilles tendon: large tendon at the back of the ankle which connects the calf muscles to the calcaneus (heel bone). Insertion of the tendon is the site of pain and swelling in Severís disease. It is also a common injury location in runners.

Adolescent knee pain: a generic term used to describe pain associated with teenagers. Can have a wide range of actual diagnoses

Apophysitis: an inflammation of the insertion point of a tendon into the soft bone of the growth zone of a teenagerís long bone. Osgood-Schlatters, Severís and Sinding-Larsen-Johannsen, and Little leaguerís elbow are all manifestations of this injury.

Apophysitis of hip: growth-related overuse injury affecting the hip or groin affecting adolescents

Chondropathies: Injuries or conditions affecting the cartilage of a joint

Epiphysitis: site of bone growth during secondary growth spurts (adolescence). Zone of bone expansion which is vulnerable until fully-formed/hardened at skeletal maturity

Growing pains: term used to describe pain associated with growth spurts. The actual mechanism of any pain remains controversial.

Juvenile osteochondrosis

Little Leaguerís elbow: growth-related overuse injury affecting the inner elbow affecting adolescents

Osgood-Schlatterís disease/ syndrome: growth-related overuse injury of the knee affecting adolescents typically aged 11-14 years

Osteochondritis:

Osteochondropathy: injuries or conditions affecting both bone and cartilage layers

Overuse injuries: caused by repetitive micro-trauma Ė niggles that often develop into a more serious injury. Faulty biomechanics is a major factor along with high repetition.

Patella tendon: large tendon at the front of the knee that connects the quadriceps muscle to the tibia (shin bone). See Tibial tubercle.

Severís disease: growth-related overuse injury of the heel affecting younger adolescents typically aged 9-12 years

Sinding-Larsen-Johansson syndrome: growth-related overuse injury affecting the tip of the patella (knee cap) affecting adolescents typically aged 12-15 years

Tibial tubercle: prominent bony lump at the lower-front of the knee where the quadriceps/patella tendon inserts. It is also the site of pain and swelling in Osgood-Schlatterís disease.

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